CHAPTER XI. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC REORGANIZATION (1815-1824).

118. REFERENCES.

BIBLIOGRAPHIES. - W. E. Foster, References to Presidential Administrations, 15-19; Justin Winsor, Narrative and Critical History, VII. 344, 345, 437-439; J.F. Jameson, Bibliography of Monroe(Appendix to Oilman's Monroe); Channing and Hart, Guide, secs. 174-178.

HISTORICAL MAPS. - Nos. 1 and 5, this volume, and No. 1, Wilson, Division and Reunion (Epoch Maps Nos. 7, 8, and 10); Labberton, Atlas, lxvii.; T. MacCoun, Historical Geography, Scribner, Statistical Atlas, Plate 14.

GENERAL ACCOUNTS. - H. Von Holst, Constitutional History, I. 273-408; R. Hildreth, United States. VI. 575-713 (to 1821); James Schouler, United States, II. 444-463, III. 1-335; Bryant and Gay, Popular History. IV. 244-281; J. B. McMaster, People of the United States, IV. (to 1820); Geo. Tucker, United States, III. 146-408; J. T. Morse, John Quincy Adams, 102-164; Ormsby, Whig Party, 129-172.

SPECIAL HISTORIES. - Henry Adams, History of the United States, IX.; Carl Schurz, Henry Clay, I. 137-202; N. P. Gilman, James Monroe, 125- 174; F. W. Taussig, Tariff History, J. L. Bishop,American Manufactures, II. 146-298; G. F. Tucker, Monroe Doctrine, Payne, European Colonies, E. Stanwood, Presidential Elections, H. L. Carson, Supreme Court, I. chs. xii.-xiv.; A C. McLaughlin, Cass, chs. ii., iv.

CONTEMPORARY ACCOUNTS. - J. Q. Adams, Memoirs, IV.-VI.; Josiah Quincy, Figures of the Past, Niles Register, T. H. Benton, Thirty Years' View, I. 1-44; Nathan Sargent, Public Men, and Events, I. 17-56; R. Rush, Residence at the Court of London, J. Flint, Recollections of the last Ten Years (1826); R. Walsh, Appeal from the Judgment of Great Britain (1819); D. Warden,Statistical, Political, and Historical Account of the United States (1819); S. G. Goodrich, Recollections, II. 393-436; The National Intelligencer; Featon, Sketches of America, Fifth Report; works of Clay, Calhoun, Webster, Madison, Woodbury. - Reprints in F. W. Taussig, State Papers and Speeches on the Tariff, American History told by Contemporaries, III.

119. CONDITIONS OF NATIONAL GROWTH (1815).

[Prosperity.]

The population of the United States at the end of the war was about eight million five hundred thousand, and it was increasing relatively faster in the South and West than near the seaboard. The return of peace seemed also a return of prosperity. Short crops abroad revived the demand for American cereals, so that the surplus accumulated during the war could be sold at fair prices, and the exports in 1816 ran up to $64,000,000. In 1815, American shipping recovered almost to the point which it had reached in 1810. The revenue derived from taxation in 1814 was but $11,000,000; in 1816 it was $47,000,000. More than twenty thousand immigrants arrived in 1817. Wealth seemed increasing both in the North and the South.

[National literature.] [The Clergy.]