LIST OF PHRASES.
It has been suggested that the following List of Phrases occurring in the History may be useful. But the definitions are only approximately precise.
Aerarium. The State treasury.
Capite Censi. Roman citizens rated by the head only, as having no property.
Cives Romani. Citizens of Rome, a Roman colony, or a Municipium.
Clientes. Dependents of the Patres. Free, but not Cives Romani.
Comitia Centuriata. The subdivisions (193 or 194 in number) of the six classes into which the Romans were divided, according to property, were called Centuries, and the assembly of them Comitia Centuriata.
Comitia Tributa. The assembly in which the people voted according to the tribes or territorial divisions.
Equites. Originally the men rich enough to maintain war-horses; afterwards the rich class corresponding to our city men.
Flamen. A priest of some particular god.
Frumentaria. Lex. A law for cheapening corn.
Imperator. The title given on the battle-field to a successful general by his soldiers.
Imperium. The power given by the State to an individual who was to command an army.
Interrex. An official appointed to hold an election of consuls when the regular mode of election had not been followed.
Judicia. Bodies of jurymen (judices) who tried criminal cases.
Jugerum. A measure of surface 240 feet long, 120 broad.
Justitium. A suspension of public business for some religious observance.
Latifundia. Large estates cultivated by slave-labour.
Latini. See p. 16.
Legati. Officers of the general's suite corresponding to our generals of division.
Libertini. The class of freedmen known as Liberti, with reference to freeborn men, Libertini with reference to each other.
Municipia. Conquered Italian towns having the right of acquiring property in the Roman State (Commercium), and marrying the daughter of a Roman citizen (Connubium), but unable to acquire the honours of the State (Jus Honoris), or to vote at Rome (Jus Suffragii).
Nobiles. The offspring of men who had held a curule office.
Optimates. The senatorial party at and after the era of the Gracchi.
Patres. 1. Originally Cives Romani, the governing body at Rome. 2. Afterwards the Senate.
Patronus. A Pater with reference to a Client. A Dominus with reference to a Libertus.
Perduellio. Abuse of official position injurious to the State.
Pilum. A wooden shaft 4 feet long, with an iron head 2 feet 3 inches long. There was also a lighter kind.
Plebiscitum. 1. A resolution of the people. 2. Equivalent to lex.
Plebs. Originally the free citizens of Rome who had no political privileges.
Populares. The anti-senatorial party at and after the time of the Gracchi.
Possessor. An occupier of public land.
Praefectura. A Roman colony, or Municipium, in which a Roman Praefectus administered justice.
Proletarii. Roman citizens rated at less than 1,500 asses.
Publicani. Farmers of the revenue.
Rostra. A name given to the stage in the Forum where speakers addressed the people. So called because ornamented with beaks of ships captured from the enemy.
Scriptura. A tax paid to the State on cattle grazing on public land.
Socii. Free inhabitants of Italy. See p. 16.
Vectigal. 1. A tax of 1/10th of the year's crops. 2. The revenue produced by the Scriptura.