CHAPTER IX. THE CHURCH IN IRELAND DURING THE REIGNS OF MARY AND ELIZABETH (1553-1603)

  See bibliography, ii. Hamilton, Calendar of State Papers, 
  Ireland
, 4 vols. Calendar of State Papers (Carew), 6 vols., 
  1867-73. Archivium Hibernicus, vols. i., ii., iii. (1912-14). 
  Moran, Spicil. Ossor. Id., Editions of the Commentarius de 
  Regno Hiberniae
 (Lombard), 1863, and of the Analecta (Rothe), 
  1884. O'Sullevan, Historiae Catholicae Iberniae Compendium (ed. 
  Kelly), 1850. Bruodin, Passio Martyrum, 1666. Molanus, Idea 
  togatae constantiae . . . cui adjungilur tripartita martyrum 
  Britannicarum insularum epitome
, 1629. Shirley, op. cit. Brady, 
  State Papers Concerning the Irish Church in the Time of Queen 
  Elizabeth
, 1866. Cotton, Fasti Ecclesiae Hiberniae, 6 vols., 
  1851-78. Hogan, The Description of Ireland, etc., in 1598 , 1878. 
  O'Daly-Meehan, The Rise, Increase, and Exile of the Geraldines, 
  Earls of Desmond
, etc., 1878. Spenser, View of the State of 
  Ireland
, 1633. Lynch-Kelly, Cambrensis Eversus, etc., 3 vols., 
  1848. Liber Munerum publicorum Hiberniae, 1152-1824, 2 vols., 
  1848. Gilbert, History of the City of Dublin, 3 vols., 1859. 
  Id., Facsimiles of National MSS. of Ireland, 4 vols., 1875. 
  Lodge, Desiderata Curiosa Hibernica, etc., 2 vols., 1772. 
  Pacata Hibernia, 1633.

The death of Edward VI. (6 July 1553) and the accession of Queen Mary put an end for the time being to the campaign against the Catholic Church. The party of the Earl of Northumberland made a feeble attempt in Ireland, as they had done in England, to secure the succession for Lady Jane Grey, but their efforts produced no effect. On the 20th July the privy council in England sent a formal order for the proclamation of Queen Mary, together with an announcement that she had been proclaimed already in London as Queen of England, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, and on earth Supreme Head of the Churches of England and Ireland.[1] This command was obeyed promptly in Dublin and in the chief cities in Ireland. In Kilkenny Lord Mountgarret and Sir Richard Howth ordered that a Mass of thanksgiving should be celebrated, and when Bale refused to allow such idolatry they informed the clergy that they were no longer bound to obey the bishop. Mary was proclaimed in Kilkenny (20 Aug.), and on the following day the clergy and people took possession of the Cathedral of St. Canice. Crowds of the citizens proceeded to attack the palace of the bishop, so that it was only with the greatest difficulty that the Mayor of Kilkenny was able to save his life by sending him to Dublin at night under the protection of an armed escort. From Dublin Bale succeeded in making his escape to Holland, from which he proceeded to Basle, where he spent his time in libelling the Catholic religion and the Irish clergy and people.