CHAPTER X. THE CHURCH IN IRELAND DURING THE REIGN OF THE STUARTS (1604-1689)

  See bibliography, chap. vii.-ix. Calendar of State Papers, 
  Ireland
 (James I.), 5 vols., 1872-80. Idem (Charles I.), 5 vols. 
  Calendar of the Clarendon Papers, 2 vols., 1869-72. Carte, 
  History of the Life of James, Duke of Ormonde (1610-88), 3 
  vols., 1736. French, Historical Works, 2 vols., 1846. Report on 
  the Franciscan MSS.
, i., 1906. Russell-Prendergast, Report on 
  the Carte Papers in the Bodleian Library
, 1871. Gilbert, 
  Contemporary History of Affairs in Ireland (1641-52), 1879-80. 
   Bagwell, Ireland under the Stuarts, 2 vols., 1909. Prendergast, 
  Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland, 2 ed., 1875. Lecky, History 
  of Ireland in the Eighteenth Century
, new imp., 1913. Coffey, 
  O'Neill and Ormond, 1914. Dunlop, Ireland under the 
  Commonwealth
, 2 vols., 1913. Murray, Revolutionary Ireland and 
  its Settlement
, 2 vols., 1911. Boulger, The Battle of the 
  Boyne
, 1911. Burke, The Irish Priests in the Penal Times (1660- 
  1760), 1914.

The news of the death of Queen Elizabeth and of the accession of James I. came as a welcome relief to the great body of the Catholics of Ireland. As the son of Mary Queen of Scots, and in a sense, the descendant of the Irish Kings of Scotland[1] he was regarded with favour both within and without the Pale. While King of Scotland he had been in communication with the Pope, with the Catholic sovereigns of the Continent, and with O'Neill, and even after he had been proclaimed in London he promised some of the leading Catholic lords that they might expect at least toleration. Without, however, waiting for any such promises the Catholics in the leading cities of the East and South made open profession of their religion. In Kilkenny, Thomastown, Waterford, Wexford, Cashel, Cork, Limerick, etc., they took possession of the churches, abolished the Protestant service wherever it had been introduced, and restored the Mass. James White, Vicar-general of Waterford, made himself especially conspicuous as the leader in this movement in the south-eastern portion of Ireland.[2]